Home First Aid

Week 5


Many lives can be saved by learning how to stop bleeding in a correct and controlled manner.

When we first come across a patient that is bleeding profusely we need to control the bleeding. Adults have an average of 6 to 8 liters of blood in their bodies, Babies and children have about 100ml per kilogram of body weight in theirs, with such a small amount of blood circulating you can see the importance to stop severe bleeding first.

If we don’t stop the bleeding the patient will start going it Haemrogenic Shock (Shock due to the loss of Blood) We can stop bleeding or control bleeding in one of the following ways.

1.  Direct Pressure – Place a pressure bandage on the wound or hold pressure on the wound with your hand.

2.  Indirect Pressure – Place your hand on one of the pressure points on the body above the wound. By using the Brachial Artery on the upper arm by the Biceps for an injury below that point, (this pushes the artery against the upper arm bone (Humerus)). Or the Femoral Artery found in the groin, for wounds below that area (this pushes the artery against the Upper Leg bone (Femur). This pressure should be relieved every 15 minutes to allow profusion to other parts of that limb.

3.  Elevation – By elevating the affected area above the level of the heart, the blood flow will slow down and help control the bleeding.

4.  Immobilization – By splinting the affected limb you can also control the blood flow there by slowing down excessive bleeding.

We don’t encourage the use of a tourniquet as without the proper training you can bring more harm to the patient than good. This method should ONLY be used as a LAST RESORT if all else fails. The tourniquet should be released every 15 minutes, (release slowly so as to Not spread poisons that have built up in that area to contaminate the body and to not burst small blood vessels below that area), then reapply. Call for HELP from the Emergency Medical Services with out delay.

If the wound is small, treat with an antiseptic cream and cover with a sterile dressing.

If the patient must go to a medical facility (doctor or hospital) cover only with a sterile dressing and transport if the wound is not severe or call for the Emergency Medical Services if the patient has lost a lot of blood.

If the patient has a foreign body embedded in the skin, DO NOT REMOVE it. Rather stabilize the area and transport to a medical facility or call for HELP.

These articles are not meant to replace first aid training courses and Micange Trading, and owners thereof, shall not assume liability. It is strongly advised that you qualify for first aid training and revise it every 3 years.

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