Dental Emergencies

(Teeth knocked out of socket)

Contributed by:
Dr. Sean N. Napier


This commonly occurs in the anterior teeth and may be the complete or partial avulsion of the teeth and may be associated with other facial injuries. To increase the chances of favourable healing after a tooth has been avulsed quick intervention and treatment is required. This will be followed by evaluation and assessment over a period of twelve months.

So what do you do when a tooth is knocked out?
Find the tooth but avoid handling the tooth by the root i.e. pick the tooth up by the crown (Part of the tooth normally seen in the mouth) and if covered with soil/ground rinse gently and quickly with water.

Do not transport the tooth in water. Place the tooth in a suitable medium such as milk, saliva or saline. If neither is available then place the tooth in the cheek of the patient. If there is a risk of the tooth being swallowed, ask the patients to spit into a container and transport the tooth in this medium.

Treatment at the Dentist.

  1. Give the Dentist a full history of the injury.
  2. Root canal treatment for the tooth.
  3. Replantation of the tooth.
  4. Splinting of the tooth.
  5. Antibiotics

Further treatment.
The patient will also require a Tetanus injection from a medical doctor.

The above treatment is for an uncomplicated avulsion of the teeth without other more serious injuries to the mouth.


These articles are not meant to replace first aid training courses and Micange Trading, and owners thereof, shall not assume liability.

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