Home First Aid

Week 6

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus

This condition is the inability of the body to effectively use the sugar (Glycogen) or insulin in the body. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, If the body is producing to little insulin this can have detrimental effects on the body.

Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)

This condition happens when the pancreas has produced too little insulin and now there is excess sugar  (Glycogen) in the blood stream and not enough sugar (Glycogen) in the cells of the body.

Signs and Symptoms of Hyperglycemia

Patient will show the following

1.      WARM, DRY SKIN

2.      Polyuria (Excessive Urination)

3.      Polydipsia (Extremely Thirsty)

4.      Nausea or Vomiting

5.      Fruity Smell on breath

6.      Fast Heart rate

7.      Deep Rapid Breathing

8.      May be Confused, Disorientated or be in a Coma

Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar)

This condition happens when the body has enough insulin in the body but does not have enough sugar in the blood stream to pass on to the cells of the body.

Signs and Symptoms of Hypoglycemia

Patient will show the following


2.      Might start Fitting

3.      Complain of head Aches

4.      Confused

5.      Drool from the mouth

6.      Fast heart rate

7.      Disorientated

8.      May be in a Coma

An unstable or untreated diabetic can result in the patient getting heart problems or may even result in death from a heart attack. 

ALWAYS SEEK MEDICAL ADVISE WHEN IN DOUBT.  A Diabetic patient can live a healthy normal life if controlled properly under a doctor’s supervision. There are many Diabetic information centers in South Africa and they can help you to live a better life style. There are new products being launched all the time to make your life easier to bring the patient’s Insulin / Sugar levels under control.

These articles are not meant to replace first aid training courses and Micange Trading, and owners thereof, shall not assume liability. It is strongly advised that you qualify for first aid training and revise it every 3 years.

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