Home First Aid

Week 7

Diabetes Mellitus (Continued)


Try to get a full history of the patient. We do this to find out why the patient is in this condition and if they have taken any medication i.e. insulin or if they had anything to eat.

If this has ever happened before and if the patient is already under any treatment for this, or any other condition.

Try and ascertain if the patient is Hyperglycemic or Hypoglycemic.

Check if the patient is breathing and has a pulse. If yes, then proceed as follows.

 If the patient is conscious ask them if they are a known Diabetic, find out if they take Insulin or not this will also give you a good indication to the treatment to be given. If they do take Insulin there will be a good chance that the patient forgot to take it or did not take the correct dose. If this is the case and let the patient take his HGT (Blood Sugar) levels. To see the required amount of insulin the patient should take to reduce the Hyperglycemia. If the patient is unconscious, call for the Emergency Medical Services immediately for HELP.

If the patient is not a known Diabetic it might be difficult to find out if the patient is Hyperglycemic or Hypoglycemic, one of the big differences is in the skin. A Hyperglycemic patient will have a WARM DRY SKIN while a Hypoglycemic patient will have a COLD CLAMMY SKIN.

If the patient is unconscious and has the signs and symptoms of Hypoglycemia you can rub something sweet in his mouth under his tongue and on his gums. This will be absorbed very rapidly by the blood stream and will help bring the patient out of a coma.

If the patient is conscious let them have something sweat to drink or let them suck on a sweat. If the patient has gone into a coma and recovered, this is the first time that it has happened or if the Patient did take the correct medicine but it did not help THEY MUST GO AND SEEK MEDICAL HELP to rectify this straight away.

Please remember that these are only guidelines and in no way must you change your treatment that has been described by your doctor without his knowledge or permission.

Always call for help if you are not medically trained. Our treatments are aimed at the general public that have not done a first aid course, to help them when they get into trouble at home.

Diabetes Mellitus can be controlled, ASK YOUR DOCTOR HOW.

These articles are not meant to replace first aid training courses and Micange Trading, and owners thereof, shall not assume liability. It is strongly advised that you qualify for first aid training and revise it every 3 years.

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